is the equipment used by fisherman when fishing. Almost any equipment or gear used for fishing can be called fishing tackle. Some examples are hooks, lines, sinkers, floats, rods, reels, baits, lures, spears, nets, gaffs, traps, waders and tackle boxes.
Gear that is attached to the end of a fishing line is called terminal tackle
. This includes hooks
, leaders, swivels
, split rings and wire, snaps, beads, spoons, blades, spinners and clevises to attach spinner blades to fishing lures. Sometimes the term fishing rig
is used for a completed assembly of tackle ready for fishing.
Fishing tackle can be contrasted with fishing techniques
. Fishing tackle refers to the physical equipment that is used when fishing, whereas fishing techniques refer to the manner in which the tackle is used when fishing.
The term tackle
, with the meaning "apparatus for fishing", has been in use from 1398 AD.
Fishing tackle is also called fishing gear
. However, the term fishing gear is more usually used in the context of commercial fishing
, whereas fishing tackle is more often used in the context of recreational fishing
A fishing reel is a device used for the deployment and retrieval of a fishing line using a spool mounted on an axle. Fishing reels are traditionally used in angling. They are most often used in conjunction with a fishing rod, though some specialized reels are mounted on crossbows or to boat gunwales or transoms. The earliest known illustration of a fishing reel is from Chinese paintings and records beginning about 1195 A.D. Fishing reels first appeared in England around 1650 A.D., and by the 1760s, London tackle shops were advertising multiplying or gear-retrieved reels. Paris, Kentucky native George Snyder is generally given credit for inventing the first fishing reel in America around 1820, a bait casting design that quickly became popular with American anglers.
- Natural baits
, an artificial fly used for salmon
The natural bait angler usually uses a common prey species of the fish as an attractant. The natural bait used may be alive or dead. Common natural baits include bait fish
and other insects
. Natural baits are effective due to the lifelike texture, odour and colour of the bait presented.
The common earthworm
is a universal bait for fresh water angling. In the quest for quality worms, some fishers culture their own worm compost
or practice worm charming
are also considered excellent bait when trout fishing. Grasshoppers
and even ants
are also used as bait for trout in their season, although many anglers believe that trout or salmon roe
is superior to any other bait. Studies show that natural baits like croaker
are more recognized by the fish and are more readily accepted. A good bait for red drum
Because of the risk of transmitting whirling disease
should not be used as bait.
Processed baits, such as groundbait
, can work well with coarse fish
, such as carp
. For example, in lakes in southern climates such as Florida
, fish such as bream
will take bread bait. Bread bait is a small amount of bread, often moistened by saliva, balled up to a small size that is bite size to small fish.
- Artificial baits
Many people prefer to fish solely with lures
, which are artificial baits designed to entice fish to strike. The artificial bait angler uses a man-made lure that may or may not represent prey. The lure may require a specialised presentation to impart an enticing action as, for example, in fly fishing
. Recently, electronic lures have been developed to attract fish. Fishermen have also begun using plastic bait
. A common way to fish a soft plastic worm
is the Texas rig
Fishing tackle boxes have for many years been an essential part of the anglers equipment. Fishing tackle boxes were originally made of wood or wicker and eventually some metal fishing tackle boxes were manufactured. The first plastic fishing tackle boxes were manufactured by Plano in response to the need for a product that didn't rust. Early plastic fishing tackle boxes were similar to tool boxes but soon evolved into the hip roof cantilever tackle boxes with numerous small trays for small tackle. These types of tackle boxes are still available today but they have the disadvantage that small tackle gets mixed up. Fishing tackle boxes have also been manufactured so the drawers themselves become small storage boxes, each with their own lids. This prevents small tackle from mixing, and can turn each drawer into a stand-alone container which can be used to carry small tackle to a rod some distance from the main tackle box.